What are cookies
Cookies are data created by a server that are stored in a small text file on the hard disk of the computer or on any device used by the user to access the Site on the Internet (smartphone, tablet) and allow the collection of information on the navigation performed by the user on the Site.
Cookies can be stored permanently on your computer and have a variable duration (so-called persistent cookies), but they can also disappear when the browser is closed or have a limited duration (so-called session cookies).
Cookies can be installed from the site you are visiting (so-called first-party cookies) or they can be installed from other websites (so-called third-party cookies).
Types of cookies
– Technical cookies. Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service “(see art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website. They can be divided into:
– navigation or session cookies, which guarantee normal navigation and use of the website;
– analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site;
– functionality cookies, which allow the user to browse according to a series of selected criteria in order to improve the service provided.
For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of the users is not required, while the obligation to provide information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, which the site manager, if he uses only such devices, will be able to provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
– Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are designed to create user profiles and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the user while surfing the net. Due to the particular invasiveness that such devices may have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed on the use of the same and thus express their valid consent. The art. 122 of the Code where it provides that “the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already stored is permitted only on condition that the contractor or user has given his consent after being been informed with the simplified procedures referred to in article 13, paragraph 3 “(article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They can be divided into:
– Profiling cookies – Social media, These third-party cookies allow users to interact with social networks (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc.) and in particular to share site content through the aforementioned channels.
– Profiling cookies – Advertising, These third-party cookies allow the collection of data and interests of visitors, in order to build a detailed profile on them which is subsequently used for marketing purposes. In this way, users will be able to receive personalized and targeted advertisements based on their interests.
Cookies used on the Site
Management of cookie preferences
Finally, you can oppose the registration of cookies on your hard disk by configuring your navigation browser to disable cookies. Below are the methods offered by the main browsers: